Paul Alexander was born on Dec. 9, 1870, in Tirschtigl, Prussia, the son of Rebecca Pinner Alexander and Solomon Alexander . Paul was very bright, but, in high school only worked on subjects that interested him (science), and hence flunked out after 10th-grade, and at the age of 16, entered a vocational program for pharmacist's assistant, that involved apprentenship during the day, and theoretical studies during the night. The best student in that program was allowed to enter the university without high-school diploma (Abitur), and that happended to be Paul. His University studies culminated with him earning a Dr. phil. in 1897, from the University of Leipzig, under the direction of J. Wislicenus. His dissertation was entitled: `Ueber die Einwirkung von o-Nitrobenzylchlorid und Matriummalonsaeureaethylester'.
In 1900, he married Elfride Pinner Alexander (1875-1942) , and they had six children listed below.
His specialty was the recycling (regeneration) of rubber. He had numerous patents, both German and foreign, for example US patent no. 844,077 (issued Feb. 12, 1907). He started a company for the recycling of rubber, and became a wealthy man. His fortune came to an end in the mid-twenties because of the great decrease in prices of new rubber, that came from the openings of new markets from Africa, and the great inflation of 1923. He was forced to sell his stately mansion, and move to a much smaller apartment. Nevertheless, he continued his research, and constantly published, and was one of the world's great authorities on the regeneration of rubber. He contributed 4 articles to the first edition (1919) of Ullmann's famous Encyclopedia of Technical Chemistry and 3 articles to the second edition (1930).
He had several mentions in the book `History of the Rubber Industry' published in 1952 by the British Inst. of Rubber Industry.
After selling their house in Insterburgalle 21 in Chalottenburg. Paul and Elfrieda moved to Apt. III in Mommsen Strasse 47, Chalottenburg, Berlin.
The directory of Greater Berlin: "Jüdisches Adressbuch fü
gross-Berlin" has him listed as follows:
Alexander, Dr. Phil. Paul, Fabrikdirecktor, Chalottenburg, Insterburgalle 21.
[here is the street sign (taken by Gil Zeilberger)]
When Hitler came to power, all his children managed to get visas and escape out of Germany, with the exception of Elisabeth, who nobody wanted to grant a visa to, because of her Heart-Illness. Not wishing to leave Bettchen behind, Paul and Elfride stayed in Germany.
In May 23, 1942, which was his 46th wedding anniversay, he wrote his Last Letter ( .doc) summarizing his scientific accomplishments, followed by his List of Publications ( .doc) [both translated by Kathy Wolff]).
When they were taken away, on Aug. 4, 1942, to a concentration camp, Betty committed suicide by jumping out of the window. Paul Alexander died of an untreated disease shortly after, on Sept. 5, 1942 in the concentration camp Theresienstadt. See this url.
His list of publications (until 1931) appeared in the famous Poggendorff's directory of scientists.
His children are:
Added Feb. 13, 2011: Karola Nick very kindly transcribed a letter written, on July 25, 1919 (when Ludwig was sixteen) to his grandmother Anna Pinner. There is also a short postscript by Ludwig's mother Elfride. Krola Nick also kindly scanned the original: page 1 page 2 page 3 page 4 and wrote an English summary
They have one son, Ernest R. Alexander (b. Dresden, Germany 11 Dec. 1933). Ernest ('Ernie' to his family and `Alex' to his friends), is professor emeritus of urban planning at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, and now lives in Israel. He graduated in Architecture at the University of Cape Town, South Africa, and received his Ph.D. in City and Regional Planning from The University of California-Berkeley. He has practiced architecture and town planning in Israel, Britain, and Ghana, worked as a senior planner in California, and has been a consultant for local government, state, and national government agencies in Wisconsin and Israel. His books and monographs include: "How Organizations Act Together: Interorganizational coordination in theory and practice", Amsterdam: Gordon & Breach,1995. "Approaches to Planning : Introducing Current Planning Theories, Concepts, and Issues", Amsterdam: Gordon & Breach, 1989 (2nd. Ed. 1992; Arabic edition 1995, Italian edition 1997, Korean edition 1999). "Evaluating Plan Implementation: The national statutory planning system in Israel" (with R. Alterman and H. Law-Yone) Progress in Planning 20 Part II, Oxford: Pergamon, 1983. "Going It Alone: A case study of planning and implementation at the local level" (with R.M.Beckley) Washington, DC: USGPO 1975. Ernest is married to Shulamit ("Shuly") Stock (b. Katowitz, Poland, 15 April 1937). They have two children who live in Israel:
On Sept. 1, 2005, she was married to Ishay Kenan. The wedding took place in her parents' farm in Kfar Bialik and they were about 250 guests. Yael and Ishay Keinan have (so far) one child
Added Feb. 3, 2003: On Jan. 11, 2003 we celebrated, in Matti's house (in Ramat Raziel, outside of Jerusalem), Gitti's 90th birthday .
Solomon Alexander , and Rebecca (Pinner) Alexander.
Feb. 13, 2011, thanks to Karola Nick (post the letter from (Friedrich) Ludwig Alexander
(July 25, 1919) to his grandmother, kindly transcribed by her.
Also thanks to Michael Lenarz, the historian of the Jewish Frankfurt museum for correcting
the circumstances of Paul and Elfrieda Alexander's deaths.
July 19, 2010: to enter Merav Ayalon's twin children Na'ama and Omri, born Feb. 27, 2010. May 15, 2002. (Thanks to John Kuhn) Jan. 1, 2002 , Nov. 14, 2000, Sept 2, 2000, Dec. 3, 1999 ;July 3, 1999, Dec. 22, 1996. Feb. 3, 2003 (thanks to Tom(jr) Furstenberg, who took pictures from Gitti Weiss's 90th birthday). Sept. 17, 2005. [To enter Yael Barkai's marriage to Issai Keinan]. Dec. 22, 2005 (To enter Paul Alexander's Last Letter (.doc) and Paul Alexander's List of Publications (.doc) [both translated by Kathy Wolff]) ; Jan. 11, 2007: to record the birth of Zohar Alexander. Sept. 3, 2007 (To update information about Michael Alexander and Dana Alexander). Dec. 13, 2007 [Thanks to Ernst ("Alex") Alexander] May 22, 2008 [thanks to Rivka and Shmuel Barkai, to enter Yael Barkai's daughter Shachar, and exact dates of their other great-grand-children]. June 16, 2009 [to report the death of Brigitte ("Gitti") Weiss z"l] Aug. 1, 2009 [To post Elisabeth Alexander's grave (thanks to Gil Zeilberger)] ; Feb. 3, 2011 (to report Shmuel Barkai's death)