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Geometry and Physics Seminar

Nested Hilbert schemes, local Donaldson-Thomas theory, and Vafa-Witten / Seiberg-Witten correspondence

Artan Sheshmani (Harvard)

Location:  Serin E372
Date & time: Thursday, 08 February 2018 at 1:30PM - 2:30PM

Abstract: We report on the recent rigorous and general construction of the deformation-obstruction theories and virtual fundamental classes of
nested (flag) Hilbert scheme of one dimensional subschemes of a smooth projective algebraic surface. The nested Hilbert scheme is a moduli space, which parametrizes a nested chain of configurations of curves and points in the ambient surface. This construction will provide one with a
general framework to compute a large class of already known invariants, such as Poincare invariants of Okonek et al, or the reduced
local invariants of Kool and Thomas in the context of their local surface theory. We show how to compute the generating series of
deformation invariants associated to the nested Hilbert schemes, and via exploiting the properties of vertex operators, prove that in
some cases they are given by modular forms. We finally establish a connection between the Vafa-Witten invariants of local-surface
threefolds (recently analyzed also by Tanaka and Thomas) and such nested Hilbert schemes. This construction
(via applying Mochizuki’s wall- crossing techniques) enables one to obtain a relation between the generating series of
Seiberg-Witten invariants of the surface, the Vafa-Witten invariants, and some modular forms. This is joint work with Gholampour and Yau
appeared in arXiv:1701.08902 and arXiv:1701.08899.

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