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Nonlinear Analysis

Some New Sharp Inequalities in Analysis and Geometry

Changfeng Gui, The University of Texas at San Antonio

Location:  Zoom
Date & time: Wednesday, 10 November 2021 at 9:30AM - 10:30AM

Abstract: The classical Moser-Trudinger inequality is a borderline case of Sobolev inequalities and plays an important role in geometric analysis and PDEs in general. Aubin in 1979 showed that the best constant in the Moser-Trudinger inequality can be improved by reducing to one half if the functions are restricted to the complement of a three dimensional subspace of the Sobolev space \(H^1\), while Onofri in 1982 discovered an elegant optimal form of Moser-Trudinger inequality on sphere. In this talk, I will present new sharp inequalities which are variants of Aubin and Onofri inequalities on the sphere with or without mass center constraints. One such inequality, for example, incorporates the mass center deviation (from the origin) into the optimal inequality of Aubin on the sphere, which is for functions with mass centered at the origin. Efforts have also been made to show similar inequalities in higher dimensions. Among the preliminary results, we have improved Beckner's inequality for axially symmetric functions when the dimension \(n=4, 6, 8\). Many questions remain open. The talk is based on several joint papers with Amir Moradifam, Sun-Yung Alice Chang, Yeyao Hu and Weihong Xie. 

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